Karaman Central District is located between 37°11' North latitude and 33°15' East longitude. The average elevation of the province above sea level is 1.033 meters. Karaman is surrounded by Konya in the north of the province, Mersin in the south, Antalya in the west and Ereğli district of Konya in the east. Karaman Central area is 4.143 km².
The total population of Karaman Central District was 203.830 in 2021.
The Socio-Economic Development Ranking Research (SEGE) study is updated in 2022. This study objectively measures and compares the socio-economic development of districts. Within the scope of the study, 56 variables are used. As a result of the analysis, the index scores and ranks of the districts are determined, and the districts are grouped in 6 development levels according to the scores. As a result of the study, Karaman Central district is ranked 168th among 973 districts in our country. With this value, it is in the 1st place among 6 districts. It is in the 2nd group in the development level ranking of the districts in Türkiye.