Ermenek district of Karaman province is located between 36°58' North latitude and 32°53' East longitude. Its distance from Karaman city center is 160 km. The average altitude of the district above sea level is 1.250 meters. The district is surrounded by Karaman, Hadim district in the north, Gazipaşa district in Antalya province, Anamur district in Mersin in the south, Sarıveliler, Başyayla districts in the west, and Mut and Gülnar districts in Mersin in the east. The area of the district is 1.222,9 km².
The total population of Ermenek district was 27.843 in 2021.
The Socio-Economic Development Ranking Research (SEGE) study is updated in 2022. This study objectively measures and compares the socio-economic development of districts. Within the scope of the study, 56 variables are used. As a result of the analysis, the index scores and ranks of the districts are determined, and the districts are grouped in 6 development levels according to the scores. As a result of the study, Ermenek district is ranked 477th among 973 districts in our country. With this value, it is in the 3rd place among 6 districts including the Karaman central district in our province. It is in the 4th group in the development level ranking of the districts in Türkiye.