Investor Guide

 

Work Permit
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For the information on   work permit,   please click here

Residence Permit
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For the information on residence permit, please click here.

Eastablishing a Business in Turkey
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For the information on eastablishing a business in Turkey, please click here.

Access to Finance
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The banking sector of Turkey, which has the 2nd largest banking system after Russia in the developing European region, is flexible enough to provide financing to investors in the country with its high capital and extremely liquid structure. Alongside the banks, the loan market of Turkey allows investors to provide project finance through leasing and factoring.

There are three types of banks in Turkey: deposit banks, development/investment banks, and participation banks that carry out their activities based on interest-free banking in line with Islamic finance principles accepted globally. Banks can give legal and real persons both local and foreign currency cash loans, non-cash loans or interest-free (participation) loans; however, it is not possible for banks to give foreign currency loans to real persons for non-commercial purposes. In addition, residents of Turkey are required to use a bank in Turkey as an intermediary institution while obtaining loan from abroad.

Leasing and factoring are other financing methods. Leasing; can be in the form of domestic leasing, foreign leasing, sale and leaseback or sales aid leasing. Real estate, automobile, computers, office equipment, medical devices, construction machines, manufacturing machines and other fixed assets can be obtained through financial leasing. Factoring companies, on the other hand, pay for the receivables documented with invoices arising from the goods and services sold and undertake the risk of payment.

In addition to the settled financial institutions in Turkey, various international development banks such as the European Bank for Reconstruction and Development (EBRD), the European Investment Bank (EIB) and the International Finance Corporation (IFC) also provide financing to many investment projects in Turkey. Banking

Regulation and Supervision Agency: www.bddk.org.tr
The Banks Association of Turkey: www.tbb.org.tr
EIB: www.eib.org
IFC: www.ifc.org

Employees and Social Security
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Conditions of Employment

Working conditions in Turkey is mainly governed by the Labor Code and Trade Union Law.

Under the Labor Law, there are various employment contract types:

  • Employment Contracts for “Temporary” and “Permanent” employment,
  • Employment Contracts for “Definite Duration” or “Indefinite Duration” employment,
  • Employment Contracts for “Part-time” or “Full time” employment
  • Employment Contracts for “On-call working”
  • Employment Contracts with “Probation Duration”
  • Employment Contracts created with Gang Contract.

Employment Contracts are exempt from stamp duty and any image and fee.

Discrimination against employees for their language, race, gender, political view, philosophical belief, religion or similar parameters are prohibited legally. Discrimination based on the gender while determining the salaries to be provided for the persons carrying out the same or equivalent duties are prohibited as well.   

Working Times and Overtime

Pursuant to the Labor Law, the ordinary working time is up to 45 hours a week. In principle, this 45-hour period is evenly distributed equally over working days. However, in accordance with the Labor Law, the working period can be arranged within the legal limits by the employer.

Payments for hours exceeding the 45-hour weekly working time limit, as a rule, are made within the scope of "overtime". The wage to be paid for each hour of overtime is paid by increasing the amount of normal working wage per hour by fifty percent. Instead of paying for overtime workers, 1.5 hours of rest can also be given for each hour of overtime. For overtime work during week holidays and public holidays, the worker is paid a one-day holiday wage and overtime wage. Wages can be increased based on collective labor agreements or individual employment contracts signed between employees and employers. Total overtime cannot exceed 270 hours a year.

Paid Annual Leave

There are a total of nine paid holidays, including seven paid public holidays (1 January, 23 April, 1 May, 19 May, 15 July, 30 August and 29 October) and two paid religious holidays. Provided that they have worked for at least one year, including trial period, employees are entitled to paid annual leave in accordance with the following working hours:

 

Duration of employment (in year)​

Minimum paid leave​

1 - 5 years (including 5th year)

14 working days

5 - 15 years

20 working days

15 years (inclusive) or above

26 working days

 

These leave periods are the minimum periods specified in the law and may be extended based on collective labor agreements or individual employment contracts signed between employees and employers.

(Click here for more detailed information about employees and social security.)

 

Asset Transfer
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For the information on transferring assests, please click here.

Cost of Doing Business in Turkey
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For the information on cost of doing business in Turkey, please click here.

Investment Incentives
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For the information on investment incentives, please click here.

Taxes
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For the information on taxes, please click here.

Investment Zones
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For the information on investment zones, please click here.

Regulatory and Supervisory Institutions
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For the information on regulatory and supervisory authorities, please click here.

Macroeconomic Indicators
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For the information on macroeconomic indicators, please click here.

Foreign Direct Investments in Turkey
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For the information on foreign direct investments in Turkey, please click here.

Investment Legislation
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For the information on investment legislation, please click here.

Law on Foreigners and International Protection
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For the Law on Foreigners and International Protection, please click here.

Acquisition of Real Estate by Foreigners In Turkey
Amendments Ease Access to Citizenship for Foreign Investors- English
Amendments Ease Access to Citizenship for Foreign Investors-Arabic
Assessment Criteria for the Work Permit Request of Foreigners
Brief-Amendment on Turkish Land Registry Law
Buying Property in Turkey-Guide For Foreigners
FDI Law in Turkey
Getting Foreign Citizenship Number of the Republic of Turkey
Legal Guide to Investing in Turkey
The Brief Document On Establishing Farmsteads By Foreign Citizens
Turkey's Renewable Energy Market and Investment Oppurtunities
Turkish Citizenship for Foreign Investors - Arabic
Turkish Citizenship for Foreign Investors
Work Permit Criteria for Foreigners
Karaman Investment Support Office
T.R. Mevlana Development Agency
Karaman Investment Support Office

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