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AGRICULTURE

Industry in Karaman with its fertile soils has developed mostly based on agriculture and food sectors.

Presence and Distribution of Land


Farm Lands

(ha)

Forest and Heathland (ha)

Meadows and Pastures  (ha)

 The Other Area(ha)

Total

(ha)

346.848

241.152

201.363

95.737

885.100


73% of the total area of 346. 848 ha which is  252,584 ha  irrigated area.

Distribution of Agricultural Land Use Objectives


Vegetable (ha)

Fruit (ha)

Vineyard (ha)

Field Area

Unused Area (ha)

Total Agricultural Area (ha)

Cultivated (ha)

Fallow (ha)

13.711

30.476

4.859

216.219

52.450

29.139

346.848


30% of lands in Karaman are cultivated. The products such as wheat, barley, corn, sun flower and sugar beet supporting the industry are heavily produced.

Field Crops Production


Crops

Plantings (Ha)

Harvest (Ton)

Productivity (Kg/Ha)

Harvest  of Turkey (Ton)

Harvest  of  World (Ton)

Wheat

80.897

182.544

1.947

20.100.000

696.000.000

Barley

43.833

127.662

2.912

7.100.000

135.000.000

Cickpea

17.353

29.176

1.681

518.000

11.623.787

Dry Bean

12.580

38.888

3.091

200.000

21.000.000

Sugar Beet

8.071

472.444

58.535

15.000.000

250.000.000

Corn Silage


156.619


14.000.000


Corn (grain)

13.140

112.624

8.544

4.600.000

863.000.000

Sun Flower

7.077

20.335

2.873

1.370.000

38.000.000

Oat

6.380

11.654

1.826

825.512

23.000.000

Clover


151.531


4.000.000




The city satisfies 20% of Dry Bean production, % 6 of  Cickpea production and % 3 of  Sugar Beet production  in Turkey. Karaman is second city for dry bean production in Turkey.


Fruit Production



Fruits

Plantings (Ha)

Harvest (Ton)

Productivity (Kg/Ha)

Harvest  of Turkey (Ton)

Harvest  of  World (Ton)

Apple

23.122

388.404

16.800

2.888.985

75.635.283

Grape

4.859

41.860

8.615

4.185.126

69.654.926

Olive

1.996

2.830

1.418

1.820.000

20.000.000

Cherry

1.371

9.501

6.930

470.887

2.250.000

Walnut

1.253

3.774

3.012

203.212

3.423.447

Almonds

900

1.877

2.085

348.781

2.362.000

Pear

492

10.450

21.240

442.646

23.896.556

Apricot

205

80.000


760.000

3.834.475


The Karaman satisfies 20% of apple production in Turkey. And second city is apple production in Turkey. In addition to this,regarding the processed fruit juice industry in our country, the mostly used fruit is apple with 46% share.

Vegetable Production


Vegetables

Plantings (Ha)

Harvest (Ton)

Productive (Kg/Ha)

Harvest  of Turkey (Ton)

Harvest  of  World (Ton)

Spinach

892

7.408

8.304

222.225

21.005.505

Water Melon

1.547

55.323

35.761

4.022.296

104.472.354

Green Beans

1.123

11.630

10.356

621.036

16.974.983

Cucumber

893

14.603

16.353

1.741.878

65.334.911

Tomato

1.798

62.676

34.859

11.350.000

159.023.383

Cabbage

719

14.269

19.845

481.511

68.840.531

Onion

960

12.657

13.184

1.735.857

85.375.125

Pepper

937

10.295

10.987

2.042.360

29.939.029


 LIVESTOCK

Livestock  Numbers


Type

Karaman (Number)

 Turkey (Number)

World (Number)

Bovine Total

45.996

14.042.347

1.595.174.555

Sheep and Goats

429.324

35.782.519

1.919.242.817

Horse + Donkey

2.663

378.000


Poultry

1.243.949

257.505.341

19.939.329.000

Apiculture Hives

46.245

6.348.009

65.381.948


Livestock Production

Type

Harvest  of Karaman

Harvest  of Turkey

Harvest  of  World

Red Meat (Ton)

4.705

916.000

297.221.758

Milk

 (Ton)

118.000

17.401.262

727.052.012

Honey (Ton)

632

89.162

1.535.194

Fisheries(Ton)

2.917

160.933


Egg (Ton)

309.000 .000 adet

810.000.000

63.575.115.000