Karamanoglu Mehmetbey University is the single university in Karaman and is founded by state. There are also 4 universities at one hour distance, in Konya city which are Selçuk University, Konya Necmettin Erbakan University, Konya Food and Agricultural University, and KTO Karatay University.

Karamanoğlu Mehmet Bey University has 8 faculties, 2 graduate schools, 5 vocational schools, 3 institutes and 17 research centers. The number of students at Karamanoğlu Mehmet Bey University is 16.264  and the number of academic personel is 622.There are 238 academic staff in the university.Since its establisment 10.579 associate degree,  10.493 Bachelor's degree, 310 Master and 6 Doctorate students have been graduated from Karamanoğlu Mehmetbey University.Karamanoğlu Mehmetbey University meets the needs of engineers and technical staff trained for the Food and Energy  sectors that stand out in the region.

With 231 schools, Karaman is 66. biggest city in Turkey by school number and its proportion to total schools in Turkey is %0,43.With 41.863 students Karaman is 65. biggest city in Turkey by student number and its proportion to total students in Turkey is %0,31

In Karaman, which has a important place in vocational and technical education , 19 schools and 5.245 students receive vocational training for prominent sectors in Karaman. Food departments were opened especially in vocational high schools.Vocational High Schools, Industrial Vocational High Schools and various high schools that provide qualified workforce to different sectors also contribute to the labor force.

Anatolian High Schools and Private Colleges that are providing education in English can be used for the education of  children of foreign investors.

There are 17 pre-school educational institutions in Karaman during 2018-2019 academic year.

Schooling Rates;

In Pre- School Education ; %75,34

Schooling rates according to the school age population is %99 in Karaman.

7 of the 1312  non-formal training centers in our country are in Karaman .

Karaman province has a literacy rate of % 97,64 in terms of basic education. The proportion of women in illiterate population is higher than men.

According to the TUIK data, the number of students per teacher in Primary Education is 14; in Middle School 15; in Elementary School 13 in Karaman. In  Turkey the number of students per teacher in Primary Education is 17; in Middle School 16; in Elementary School 12.

In 2017-2018, the net schooling  rates for secondary education are 92.41 % in Karaman.